64位CentOS 6.0下搭建LAMP环境详细步骤

这篇文章主要介绍了系统环境:Centos6.0 x64的lamp运行环境配置教程,需要的朋友可以参考下

1、确认搭建LAMP所需要的环境是否已经安装

[root@centos6 ~]# rpm -q make gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel libaio

备注:安装libpng时候需要zlib-devel

安装mysql时候需要libaio

2、如果没安装则yum安装

[root@centos6 ~]# yum install make gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel libaio -y

3、由于要使用编译安装,所以查看httpd、mysql、php是否安装,如果安装则卸载

[root@centos6 ~]# rpm -q httpd mysql php

4、编译安装libxml2

注:libxml2是一个xml的c语言版的解析器,不仅支持c语言,还支持c++、php、Pascal、Ruby、Tcl等语言的绑定

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf libxml2-2.7.8.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./libxml2-2.7.8

[root@centos6 libxml2-2.7.8]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libxml2/

[root@centos6 libxml2-2.7.8]# make;make install

5、编译安装libmcrypt

注:libmcrypt是加密算法扩展库。支持DES, 3DES, RIJNDAEL, Twofish, IDEA, GOST, CAST-256, ARCFOUR, SERPENT, SAFER+等算法。

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./libmcrypt-2.5.8

[root@centos6 libmcrypt-2.5.8]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libmcrypt/

[root@centos6 libmcrypt-2.5.8]# make;make install

6、编译安装zlib

注:zlib是提供数据压缩用的函式库

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf zlib-1.2.5.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./zlib-1.2.5

[root@centos6 zlib-1.2.5]# ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/zlib/

[root@centos6 zlib-1.2.5]# make ; make install

7、编译安装libpng

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf libpng-1.5.4.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./libpng-1.5.4

[root@centos6 libpng-1.5.4]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libpng/ --enable-shared

[root@centos6 libpng-1.5.4]# make ; make install

8、编译安装jpeg

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf jpegsrc.v8c.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./jpeg-8c/

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/(创建jpeg软件的安装目录)

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/bin/(创建存放命令的目录)

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/lib/(创建jpeg库文件所在目录)

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]# mkdir /usr/local/jpeg/include/(创建存放头文件目录)

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]# mkdir -p /usr/local/jpeg/man/man1(建立存放手册的目录)

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/jpeg/ --enable-shared --enable-static建立共享库使用的GNU的libtool和静态库使用的GNU的libtool)

[root@centos6 jpeg-8c]# make ; make install

9、编译安装freetype

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf freetype-2.4.6.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./freetype-2.4.6

[root@centos6 freetype-2.4.6]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/freetype/ --enable-shared

[root@centos6 freetype-2.4.6]# make ;make install

10、 编译安装autoconf

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf autoconf-2.68.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./autoconf-2.68

[root@centos6 autoconf-2.68]# ./configure

[root@centos6 autoconf-2.68]# make ; make install

11、 编译安装GD

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf gd-2.0.35.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./gd-2.0.35

[root@centos6 gd-2.0.35]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/gd/ --with-zlib=/usr/local/zlib/ --with-jpeg=/usr/local/jpeg/ --with-png=/usr/local/libpng/ --with-freetype=/usr/local/freetype/

[root@centos6 gd-2.0.35]# make ; make install

12、 安装apache

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf httpd-2.2.19.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./httpd-2.2.19

[root@centos6 httpd-2.2.19]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/apache/ --enable-so --enable-rewrite

[root@centos6 httpd-2.2.19]# make ; make install

[root@centos6 LAMP]# /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

[root@centos6 LAMP]#

cp /usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl /etc/init.d/httpd

[root@centos6 LAMP]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/httpd

[root@centos6 ~]# chkconfig --add httpd

注意:如果提示service httpd does not support chkconfig错误

解决办法:编辑/etc/rc.d/init.d/httpd在文件第二行加入

#chkconfig:2345 10 90

#description:Activates/Deactivates Apache Web Server

[root@centos6 ~]# chkconfig --level 2345 httpd on

[root@centos6 LAMP]# service httpd restart

开机自动启动apache的另一种方法:

修改/etc/rc.local文件

# vim /etc/rc.local

在文件中添加/usr/local/apache/bin/apachectl start

13、 编译安装mysql

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-x86_64.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-x86_64

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-x86_64]# groupadd mysql

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-x86_64]# useradd -r -g mysql mysql(创建mysql用户,并将用户指定至mysql组)

[root@centos6 mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-x86_64]# cd /usr/local/

[root@centos6 local]# ln -s /tmp/LAMP/mysql-5.5.15-linux2.6-x86_64 mysql

[root@centos6 local]# cd ./mysql/

[root@centos6 mysql]# chown -R mysql .(将该目录的用户权限全部更改为mysql用户)

[root@centos6 mysql]# chgrp -R mysql .(将该目录的用户组全部改为mysql用户组)

[root@centos6 mysql]# ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql(将mysql目录的数据库使用权限指定为mysql)

[root@centos6 mysql]# chown -R root .

[root@centos6 mysql]# chown -R mysql data

[root@centos6 mysql]# cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf(将当前目录下的配置文件拷贝到系统配置文件下,并更名为my.cnf)

[root@centos6 mysql]# cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@centos6 mysql]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld

[root@centos6 mysql]# chkconfig --add mysqld

[root@centos6 mysql]# chkconfig --level 345 mysqld on

[root@centos6 mysql]# service mysqld restart

[root@centos6 mysql]#

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password '123456'(设置root用户登录mysql的密码)

[root@centos6 mysql]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root –p(进入并访问mysql数据)

Enter password:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or g.

Your MySQL connection id is 2

Server version: 5.5.15-log MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its

affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective

owners.

Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>(成功登录mysql)

14、 编译安装php

[root@centos6 LAMP]# pwd

/tmp/LAMP

[root@centos6 LAMP]# tar -zxvf php-5.3.7.tar.gz

[root@centos6 LAMP]# cd ./php-5.3.7

[root@centos6 php-5.3.7]#

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php/ --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs --with-libxml-dir=/usr/local/libxml2/ --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/jpeg/ --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype/--with-gd-dir=/usr/local/gd/--with-zlib-dir=/usr/local/zlib/--with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt/--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --enable-soap --enable-mbstring=all --enable-sockets

[root@centos6 php-5.3.7]# make ; make install

[root@centos6 php-5.3.7]#

cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

#vim /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

//这里需要将register_globals=Off更改on模式,还有时间格式改为本地

15、 更改apache的配置文件,达到解析php文件的目的

[root@centos6 ~]# vim /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

AddType application/x-compress .Z

AddType application/x-gzip .gz .tgz

Addtype application/x-httpd-php .php .phtml

Addtype application/x-httpd-php-source .phps

添加上面绿色内容,表示apache服务中可以解析php格式文件

接下来要检查apache目录下生成的php动态连接库文件,在目录/usr/local/apache/modules,找到是否存在 libphp5.so文件

16、 验证

[root@centos6 ~]# vim /usr/local/apache/htdocs/index.php

添加内容为

<?php

echo phpinfo();

?>

在客服端验证,出现下图说明php搭建成功


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